ARCHITECTURE OF TRENČIANSKE TEPLICE

slovenská verzia

In many respects, Trenčianske Teplice is an extraordinary spot on the map of Slovakia. For centuries, it has been recognised for its healing thermal water springs. These were already well-known to the Roman legions during their expeditions beyond the borders of the Roman Empire. The healing effects of the water in Trenčianske Teplice used to be popular among peasants as well as the Hungarian nobility. The rapidly changing era of the past 200 years has been reflected in the spa’s development. Various decades illustrate changes in society, its needs and cultural preferences. Through these changes, Trenčianske Teplice is an open book telling the story of the dawn of the modern man as we see it now. The 20th century (C20) left its most distinct imprint here and Trenčianske Teplice became the town where new forms and contents of the architecture called functionalism were born and tested. This guidebook is a reflection of a group of young people who had been visiting the town during the famous film festival Art Film Fest, and who, since 2011, have been actively working with the town´s memory within the Abandoned (Re)creation project.

The town´s architecture with its quality, artistic and historical value shines beyond the Slovak borders. Witnessing the poor condition of these treasures was the reason for seeking an explanation for the public’s apathy towards these historic values. This guidebook is a result of years of research and monitoring changes and development in architecture. It aims to present an experience of local architecture to every curious visitor to Trenčianske Teplice, a town famous not only for its curative springs, but also for its architecture. This guidebook is divided into four walking routes according to chapter colour. Each part: Artúr Szalatnai, The Park, Beyond the Town and Late Modernism contains buildings which should not be left unnoticed. We hope that this guidebook helps you discover new places and new knowledge that will enrich your stay. Do not forget that spa is a place of recreation, where time plays no role. Therefore, the pace of your tour for the monuments of the 20th century should be recreational. Give architecture some time to impress you.


IN THE FOOTSTEPS OF ARTÚR SZALATNAI-SLATINSKÝ                

Mirror pool Sina (Artur Szalatnai, 1929)                            

Sanatorium Esplanade, (Artur Szalatnai, 1934 - 34)              

Music pavilion (Artur Szalatnai, 1931)                          

Sanatorium Eskulap (Artur Szalatnai, around 1930)                        

Villa Irene (Smrek) (Artur Szalatnai, around 1930) 


THE PARK                                                                                

Villa Ria (around 1930)                                                                                         

Kursalon (Spa Hall)  (Bohuslav Fuchs, 1935)                                                                             

Small hydro power station (unknown author, 1909)                                                  

Evangelical church (1930)                                              

Sanatorium Machnáč (Jaromír Krejcar, 1932) 


BEYOND THE TOWN                                                                 

Slovak teachers´choir house (Milan Michal  Harminc, 1930)                                                              

Sanatorium of health insurance company of the state railway (1930)                                                           

Tram railway station (Emanuel Adamec, 1939 - 41)                    

Villa Sanssouci (1935)                                                                                                                                      

Outdoor Swimming Pool Zelená žaba (Bohuslav Fuchs, 1936-37)                                                                                                       

Villa na Červených kopaniciach (Eugen Kramár, Štefan Lukačovič, 1943)                                                                            

Villa Vranka (around 1930)                                                                                                                                    

Villa Jena (1929)


LATE MODERNISM

Sanatorium Krym (Milan Šavlík, 1975)

Spa Hotel Jalta / Slovakia (Vladimír Fašang, 1979)

Pramenný dvor (Spring court) (after 1965, architect unknown)

Sanatorium Pax (Alexander Bartsch, 1966-1968)  


Photos of architecture: Peter Kuzmin