LATE MODERNISM

The short trail of Late Modernism leads you to discover long forgotten visions, which were supposed to change the face of Trenčianske Teplice. After the nationalization of big companies and beginning of communist government, spas had gradually altered their purpose of treatment. All spa locations in Czechoslovakia were affected by this trend. The 1950´s accentuated luxury and bourgeois comfort for the working class, but soon afterwards, senior civil servants realized the potential to use the balneological treasure as a source of foreign income. In the 1960´s, at the time of political and ideological ease connected with reforms, spas made a comeback. In late 1960´s, due to the lack of accommodation capacities, an architectonical tender was announced in order to create a new urban layout of the town. The vision of change was based on a completely new arrangement of the place of the original settlement between the manor house and the church, which is now known as spa square. Today´s big sanatoriums Krym, Jalta (Slovakia) and the oldest Pax, were supposed to include complete accommodation, cultural and balneological infrastructure. Despite the utopian intention, fragments of these projects can be observed. While the Jalta and the Krym were completed according to the tender´s intentions, the other side of the street stands seemingly untouched. Behind the small park at the manor house, there is a background facility intended for spa employees – a canteen. It has lost its historic value by an insensitive reconstruction. The building was supposed to complement a complex of new sanatoriums set in a gently increasing slope with terraced floors.  The social infrastructure was expected to be complemented by a new cultural centre with several lounges and congress facilities, located next to the shopping centre. Considering this unified urban plan setting, two big sanatoriums exist nowadays, which are a valuable example of the Slovak architecture of the second half of the 20th century´s late modernism. Despite their size, they are an inseparable part of town centre. 


Sanatorium Krym (Milan Šavlík, 1975)

Spa Hotel Jalta / Slovakia (Vladimír Fašang, 1979)

Pramenný dvor (Spring court) (after 1965, architect unknown)

Sanatorium Pax (Alexander Bartsch, 1966-1968)