SANATORIUM ESPLANADE

Artúr Szalatnai- Slatinský, 1933-34

National Historic Landmark


Standing at one end of the spa park, near the road to Omšenie, the Esplanade sanatorium was built to make up for the missing modern spa accommodation capacities in the 1930´s. Despite its functionalist character, it lacks the avant-garde shape of the nearby and more famous Machnáč sanatorium. Artúr Szalatnai- Slatinský uses the new language of modernism to react to the existing area of older spa villas in the promenade along the Teplička stream. Esplanade is symbolically turned back, nevertheless perceived as a part of the historic composition when looked at from the park. The sanatorium stands on the ground plan of a classicist palace with two avant-corps vividly standing out on both sides, lowered to allow for roof terraces. The entrance is placed at the end of a terraced staircase, which is located in the central axis of the house. The banisters and the terrace surface is made of Spiš travertine, the key material of Slovak functionalist architecture. Rooms on the second and third floors are sunlit by French windows, which were disregarded as an alternative to ribbon windows during the period of discussions about a new form of modernist architecture. Using the French windows also indicates the use of a traditional construction technology without ferro-concrete skeleton. However, there is a typically modernist feature - roof terraces with pergolas, providing the possibility of solar therapy and undisturbed relaxation with a view of the tree tops in the spa park. The sanatorium Esplanade house is an originally preserved historic landmark and is still in use.