KURSALON (SPA HALL)

Bohuslav Fuchs, 1935

The outdoor swimming pool Zelená Žaba is not the only building in Trenčianske Teplice designed by the architect Bohuslav Fuchs, who comes from Brno. The Kursalon (Spa Hall), originally built in Moor style during the second half of the 19th century, is adding a touch of oriental romanticism to the end of spa promenade. As the Kursalon had been gradually losing its meaning in 1930´s, it was necessary to adapt its construction to new forms of entertainment and social relaxation. The building of the Kursalon had been struck by destructive fire in the past. The new construction by Bohuslav Fuchs was supposed to replace the old building step by step and become a new representative centre of the spa life. Nowadays, only a small torso has been retained from the previously planned great concepts. When looked at from the entrance – composition axis, the new building seems quite moderate, despite its characteristic features: round windows and peculiarly rounded ledge. Nevertheless, it harmonizes with the original Kursalon. The really striking view appears from the former sanatorium Lipa, from where the left frontage shows its typically modernist modelling. A new dimension is added to the social importance of the building by an offset part with vertical column segmentation. The main purpose of the building is to accommodate the cinema Prameň and exhibition space, located on the first floor of the frontal part. Porches were a natural continuation to the gallery area. The cinema entrance is accompanied by the jewel of the building – a pseudo-strip window of showcases, which might have informed spa guests about the film offer. Finally, the back facade facing the spa park is interesting, as well. It is dominated by a pair of round windows in the ‘ship’ aesthetics style, a pure form, which made every building modern and lyric in the 1930’s. The corner window on the third floor and the pedestrian triumphal arc create a balanced composition. Still, a visitor has an opportunity to enjoy the film projection offer and become acquainted with the interior, which serves its original intent despite the changes.